Vacations were once the prerogative of the privileged few, even as late as the nineteenth century. Now they are considered the right of all, except for such unfortunate masses as in China, for whom life, except for sleep and brief periods of rest, is uninterrupted toil.
They are more necessary now than before because the average life is well rounded and has become increasingly departmentalised. The idea of vacations. As we conceive it must be incomprehensible to primitive peoples. Rest of some kind has of course always been a part of the rhythm of human life. But earlier ages did not find it necessary to organize it in the way that modern man has done. Holidays, feast days, were sufficient.
With modern man’s increasing tensions, with the useless quality of so much of his work. This break in the year’s routine became steadily more necessary. Vocations became necessary for the purpose of renewal and repair.